This course introduces students to the sociological ways of understanding reality and to basic concepts in anthropology. The focus is on the fields’ major concepts, the dialectic between self and society in space and time, and the various perspectives taken to interpret the social world as it evolved in the past and continues to evolve through the present. A greater attention will be devoted to theoretical frameworks of understanding the basic concepts of culture and society in the field but, nonetheless, the links between theory and reality shall be delineated and explored to illuminate the weakness and strengths of each framework. At all times, therefore, the instructor shall take extra care in the Philippine setting. Lectures, discussions, and class presentations will comprise the bulk of the classes.
At the end of the course, the student should be able to:
1. Know what the sociological/ anthropological perspective is, its assumptions and scientific basis, and how it is used in approaching and understanding social phenomenon;
2. Possess adequate knowledge on the evolution of humans and of culture, as well as current theories explaining these evolutionary patterns;
3. Know and understand the dynamics of social organizations including culture, structure, and institutions in the context of cross-culture analysis;
4. Grasp adequately the concepts of socialization and social control, the dialectics of the individual and society, and the social construction of reality;
5. Substantiate the above concepts in current sociological and anthropological research particularly in the Philippine setting.
1. Class participation and recitation
3. Reflection papers on assigned reading materials
4. Periodical tests (i.e. Prelims, Midterms, and Finals)
5. Group term papers
6. Field trip/Excursion (subject to University policies and guidelines)
I. THE SOCIOLOGICAL- ANTHROPOLOGICAL SPIRIT
A. The Sociological Imagination
1. What is Sociology? (The Sociological Perspective; Micro-sociology and Macrosociology; Pure and Applied Sociology)
2. The Origins and Development of the Discipline (Science and Sociology; Social Change and Sociology; Philippine Sociology)
B. Anthropological Holism
1. What is Anthropology? (The holistic science; Physical Anthropology and Cultural Anthropology and the sub-fields thereof)
2. Anthropology in the Philippines experience (Current trends in the Philippine anthropological research)
C. Sociological and Anthropological Investigation
1. The Elements of Science
2. Methods of Socio-Anthropological Research
D. Sociological and Anthropological Theory
1. Structural Functionalism
2. Social Conflict
3. Symbolic Interactions
4. Current Trends in Anthropological Theory
II. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
A. Human Evolution
1. The evolution of Evolutionary Theory
2. The Fossil Record: From early primates to Homo Sapiens Sapiens
1. Approaching Culture: Cultural Relativity and Ethnocentrism
2. The Components of Culture (Symbols; Language; Values and Beliefs; Norms; Ideal and Real Culture; Material Culture and Technology)
3. Theoretical Analysis of Culture (Stuctural Functional Analysis; Social Conflict Analysis; Sociobiology)
4. Culture and Individual Freedom (Culture as Constraint; Culture as Freedom)
5. Globalization and Glocalization (A Global Culture: contributory factors and barriers)
C. Social Structure
1. Theories on Society (Durkheim’s Functions of Society; The Marxist Model; Weber’s Disenchantment of the World)
2. Status and Role
3. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (Goffman and Dramaturgy)
1. The Socialization Process (Human Development: Nature and Nature; Theories on Socialization)
2. Agents of Socialization (Family, School, Peer Group, Mass Media)
3. Gender Socialization (Sex and Gender; Learning to Become Male and Female)
IV. DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL
1. Theories on Deviance (Durkheim; Merton; Lemert, Goffman; Sutherland; Hirshi; Marx)
2. Forms of Social Control (Formal and Informal Controls; Resocialization and Total Institutions)
V. SOCIAL INEQUALITY
A. Social Stratification
1. Dimensions of Social Inequality (Castes and Classes; The Devis-Moore Thesis; Marx and Weber on Class; Interpretative Approaches)
2. Studies on Philippine Poverty
3. The Social Significance of Race and Ethnicity
4. Gender Stratification
B. Global Stratification
1. Global Economic Development
2. Global Wealth and Poverty (Correlates: Technology. Population Growth, Cultural Patterns, Social Stratification, Gender Inequality, and Global Power Relationships)
3. Global Inequality (Modernization Theory; Dependency Theory)
VI. SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
A. The Family
1. Basic concepts (Marriage; Typologies; Residential Patterns; Kinship Patterns)
2. Theoretical Considerations (Structural Functionalism; Social Conflict Analysis; Micro-level Analysis)
3. Issues and Developments (Divorce; Family Violence; Single Parenthood; Same Sex Marriages; In-vitro Fertilization)
B. Politics and Government
1. Power and Authority (Traditional Authority; Rational-Legal Authority; Charismatic Authority)
2. Theoretical Considerations (Pluralism; Power-Elitism)
3. Civil Society
C. Church and Religion
1. Basic concepts (Religion; Churches; Sects; Cults; Ecclesias; Denominations)
2. Theoretical Considerations (Durkheim; Marx; Weber; Symbolic Interactionism and the Construction of the Sacred)
3. Religious Fundamentalism
1. The Functions of Schooling (Socialization; Cultural Innovations; Social Placement; Latent Functions)
2. Schooling and Social Inequality (Social Control; Tracking; Standardized Testing; Inequality Among Schools; Credentialism)
3. Issues in Philippine Education
VII. SOCIAL CHANGE
A. Population and Urbanization
1. Demography: Basic concepts (Fertility; Mortality; Migration; Population Growth and Composition)
2. Urbanization: The Growth of Cities (The Chicago School; Urban Ecology; Models of Urban Development)
B. Society and Environment
1. Environment issues
2. Sustainable development
C. Collective Behavior and Social Movements
1. Localized Collectivities (Crowds and Crowd Behavior)
2. Dispersed Collectivities (Rumor and Gossip; Public Opinion; Panic and Mass Hysteria; Fashions and Fads)
3. Social Movements (Types; Explanations)
D. Social Change: Traditional, Modern, and Postmodern Societies
1. Causes of Social Change
2. Theoretical Analysis if Modernity
Cordero, F. and Isabel Panopio, 1995, General Sociology: Focus On The Philippine Setting, Quezon City: Ken Inc.
Ember Carol and Melvin Ember, 1999, Anthropology, 9th Edition, Singapore: Prentice-Hall.
Ferrante, Joan, 1995, Sociology: A Global Perspective, Belmont CA: Wadsworth)
Henslin, James, ed., 1995, Down To Earth Sociology, New York: The Free Press.
Hunt, Chester, et al., 1998, Sociology in the Philippine Setting: a Modural Approach, Quezon City: SISB Publishing House.
Kottak, Conrad, 2000, Anthropology.
Berner, Erhard, 1997, Definding a Place in the City: Localities and the Struggle for Urban Land in Metro Manila, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Borjie, Julie M. 1990, Towards a Person-Centered Community, Quezon City: Miriam College Graduate School.
Cargan, Leonard and Jeanne H. Ballantyne, 1985, Sociologial Footprints: Introductory Readings in Sociology, 3rd Edition, Belmont, CA: Wadswoth)
Carrol, John J., 1968, , 3rd Edition, Belmont, CA: Wadswoth)
Carrol, John J., 1968, Changing Patterns of Social Structure in the Philippines: 1896-1963, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Collins, Randall and Michael Makowsky, 1984, The Discovery of Society, New York: Random House.
Collins, Randall, 1983, Sociological Insights: An Introduction to Non-Obvious Sociology, New York: Oxford University Press.
David, Randy, 1998, New Rules of Sociological Method: A Positive Critique of Interpretative Sociologies, Southern Illinois: Polity Press.
______________, 1991, Modernity and Self-Identity, Southern Illinois: Polity Press.
______________, 1990, The Consequences of Modernity, Stanford: Stanford University Press)
Henslin, James, 1993, Sociology: A Down To Earth Approach, Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Jocano, F. Landa, 1997, Filipino Value System: A Cultural Definition, Manila: Punlad Research House.
Macionis, John, 1998, Sociology, Singapore: Prentice Hall.
Macionis, John and Nijole Benokraitis, 1992, Seeing Ourselves: Classic, Contemporary, and Cross-Cultural Readings in Sociology, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Maquiso, Teresita, 1997, Socio-Anthro: and Introduction to the Social Sciences, Quezon City: Grandwater Publications.
McCoy, Alfred and Ed de Jesus (eds), 1998, Philippine Social History: Global Trade and Social Transformation, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Mulder, Niels, 2000, Filipino Images: Culture of the Public World, Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
______________, 1997, Inside Philippine Society: Interpretations of Everyday Life, Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
Pertierra, Raul, 1997, Explorations In Social Theory and Philippine Ethnography, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.
Pertierra, Raul, 1995, Philippine Localities and Global Perspectives: Essays on Societies and Culture, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Tolibas-Nuñez, Peralita, 1997, Roots of Conflict: Muslims, Christians, and the Mindanao Struggle, Makati: Asian Institute of Management.